General Studies 2 Paper Syllabus – UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam

General Studies 2 Paper Syllabus of UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam comprises of four major areas : Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations. Detailed syllabus is as follows below:

General Studies 2 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains

  •  Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the
    federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges
    and issues arising out of these.
  •  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  •  Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various
    Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  •  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out oftheir design and implementation.

Also read : UPSC Exam Syllabus for IAS Prelims, Mains and Interview

  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups andassociations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  •  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
    performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
    protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
    Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications,
    models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and
    institutional and other measures.
  •  Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian
  •  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Also read : General Studies Paper 3 Syllabus – UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam.

Books lists for General Studies Paper 2

 General Studies Paper 2The basic book-list suggested by many toppers is given in the post IAS Books for UPSC Civil Service Prelims & Mains. We are prescribing a special book list focuses only on General Studies  Paper 2 of Mains Exam.

  1. Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikanth. (Polity)
  2. Governance in India for CSE. (Governance – GS2)
  3. Pax Indica – Shashi Tharoor. (Foreign Policy – GS2)
  4. India and the World by Surendra Kumar. (Foreign Policy – GS2)
  5. Our Parliament by Subhash Kashyap..
  6. Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy by Rajiv Sikri
  7. ARC reports on Public Order.
  8. PIB.
  9. for Welfare Schemes.
  10. Articles from Planning Commission Website.
  11. The Diplomat Magazine.
  12. Briefs on Foreign Relations from MEA.

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